Historical city, located by the homonymous lagoon with the famous fish and botargos, and one of the most beautiful sunsets in the world.
The City's name has Italian origination, and means "in the middle of the lake" (in mezzo a laguna). The first occurrence of this name was about 16th century.
During the 1821 Hellenic revolution, the city was twice under siege by Turkish troops which finally seized it. The garrison of the city yielding only because of the terrible hunger wich tormented them for several days, did not give in but chose to make the famous "sortie" during the night of 10th April 1826 . Only 1300 men survived and three women. Many injured soldiers, women and children resisted at strongholds of the city and finally blew themselves up to avoid being captured. Those who were eventually captured were sold as slaves in Egypt. After those dramatic incidents philhellenism started to grow in Europe. Lord Byron, who was one of the most famous philhellenists died in Messolongi, fighting for its freedom.
Messolongi, was renowned as an international symbol of liberty and the Hellenic government, nominated it as Holy Town.
Later on - after its liberation - Messolongi raised many famous poets and five Prime ministers.
Nowadays, Messolongi is a contemporary city with 25000 citizens, and is the seat of all public services, it has a modern hospital, a large military unit, university, commercial and touristical ports and airport for small aircrafts.
The visitor can tour the Heroes Garden which is full of Greeks and phihellenists monuments from the revolution, the museums and picture galleries of the city and the of course the Towns hall picture gallery wich includes heirlooms of the revolution.
He may also tour the lagoon by boat, and visit the historical small islands and the "Pleurona" and "Kalydona" (ancient towns of the territory) antiquities and the Roman Baths, or finally, visitors can tour the city by bicycle, since Messolongi is a very flatted city, ideal for bicycle tours.